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Bangladesh at-a-glance

 

Official Name

The People's Republic of Bangladesh

Capital
Dhaka : Area-1416 Sq.Km. Population 9.9 million in 2001
Head of State
Mr. Md. Abdul Hamid, Hon'ble President of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Head of Govt.
Sheikh Hasina, Prime Minister of the Government of the People's Republic of Bangladesh
Independence
26 March 1971 is the date of independence from Pakistan; 16 December 1971 is the Victory Day
Location
Latitude between 20'34" and 26'39" North, Longitude between 88'00" and 92'41" East
Boundary
North: India, West: India, East : India and and Mayanmar
South: Bay of Bengal
Area
1, 47,570 sq.km. Territorial Waters 22.22 km. Economic Zone-Upto 370.40 km. in the high seas, measured from the base line
Climate
Main seasons: Winter (Nov-Feb). Summer (March-June), Monsoon (July-Oct).Temp-max. 34°C. min. 8°C.
Rainfall: Highest 136cm and Lowest 47cm
Unit of Currency
Taka
Administrative Units
Division: 6; District: 64; Police Station: 507; Union: 4484; Village: 87319
Major Cities
Dhaka, Chittagong. Khulna, Rajshahi, Mymensing, Comilla, Barisal, Sylhet
Population in Census 2001
Approximately 129 million; Growth rate 1.48% per annum; Sex ratio 103.8 males per 100 females; Urban Population 23.39%; No of household units 25.36 million ;Density per square km 834
Life expectency at Birth
Total population: 62.84 years
male: 62.81 years
female: 62.86 years (2007 est.)
Language
Bengali. English is also widely spoken.
Religions
Muslim 87%, Hindu 11%, other 2%
Nationality
Bangladeshi
Main Rivers
Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Bhahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli in all more than 200 rivers including tributaries and branches
Main Minerals
Natural Gas, Lignite Coal, Limestones, Ceramic, Clay and Glass Sand
Main Industries
Garments and knitwear, Jute, Cotton, Textile, Tea, Paper, Newsprint, Cement, Fertilizer, Sugar, Light Engineering, Electric cables, Leather, Fish
Main Exports
Readymade garments and Knitwear, Jute and Jute products, Tea, Ceramic Leather and Frozen food
Sea Ports
Chittagong and Mongla
Air ports
Dhaka, chittagong, Jessore, Rajshahi, Iswardi, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Syedpur and Barisal
Education
Public Universities-31, Private Universities-54, Colleges-3639, Polytechnic Institute-27, Govt Medical colleges-13, Non-govt. medical colleges-27, Secondary schools-21665, Primary schools-82020
Health (2006 Based)
Hospitals 1683; Hospital beds 51044;Registered physician: 44632
Electricity
220 Volts A.C. in all cities and towns
Wearing Apperal
Tropical in Summer and Light woolen in Winter
Economic Overview
The economy has grown 5-6.7% over the past few years. Although more than half of GDP is generated through the service sector, agriculture is the single most important area of employment, with rice as the single-most-important product. Garment exports and remittances from millions of Bangladeshis working overseas fuel economic growth. As a result incidence of poverty has fallen significantly.
GDP (Purchasing Power Parity)
$209.2 billion (2007 est.)
GDP (official exchange rate)
$70.6 billion (2007 est.)
GDP - real growth rate
6.21% (2007 est.)
GDP - per capita (PPP)
$1,400 (2008)
GDP composition by sector
Agriculture:19%
Industry:28.7%
Services: 52.3% (2007 est.)
Tourist Season
October to March
Main Tourist Attractions

Colourful tribal life of Chittagong Hill Tracts, world’s longest sea beach at Cox’s Bazar, centuries-old historical sites at Dhaka , Paharpur & Mainamati Buddhist monasteries, Mohastangar, Sundarban the home of the Royal Bengal Tiger and the largest mangrove forest in the world , Tea Gardens in Sylhet, reverine life etc